Women in American Politics

On August 18, 1920, more than four decades after its fundamental concept was introduced by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was finally ratified. This constitutional amendment stated that no citizen could be denied the right to vote on the basis of sex. Women in America have come a long way since then, and there are now quite a few women icons the whole world can look up to. Here are five women who have blazed a trail in American politics.

Hillary Rodham Clinton

Few American women today wield as much political influence as Hillary Clinton. In the past two decades, Hillary has served as First Lady (from 1993 to 2001), as a United States senator (from 2001 to 2008), and as Secretary of State (from 2009 to 2013). She has broken several glass ceilings in that span of time, being the first First Lady to run for public office after her tenure in the White House, and possibly the first to come within such close range of the presidency. Today Hillary Clinton remains a viable nominee for the highest position in the land, and many await her future plans with anticipation – especially after her call to “get cracking” and be rid of the glass ceiling.

Nancy Pelosi

She is currently serving as the Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives. Pelosi may not be enjoying the power she once had as the first woman Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (2007 to 2011), but she remains one of the most powerful women in American politics today. Known as an effective fund-raiser for Democratic candidates, Pelosi has made no secret of her support for liberal policies. She was a major player in getting the Affordable Care Act passed, and she is a staunch advocate of civil liberties. Her more controversial stands include her vote against military intervention in Iraq and against reinstating the draft.

Susanna Madora Salter

In 1887, when the state of Kansas gave women the right, some men nominated Susan Madora Salter for the position of mayor simply as a joke. Salter’s only political experience had come from her participation in the Women’s Christian Temperance Union. Much to the surprise of the jokers, Salter won with the support of women, and she became the first woman mayor of the United States. Although women today no longer think twice about having a woman as head of their city, at that time being a woman mayor was a very solid glass ceiling.

Shirley Chisholm

In 1968 the people of the United States elected Shirley Chisholm to Congress. She was the first black woman to be elected as congresswoman, and during her stint she became known as “Fighting Shirley”. She earned this nickname mainly because of her consistent opposition to whatever she deemed was Washington bearing down on legislative processes. Chisholm served for seven terms and even run for her party’s presidential nomination in 1972. Although she was not nominated, she is often referred to as a “Moses” who opened the arena of politics for African American women.

The Exciting Arena of Politics in America

Through the years, politics in America has remained a vital arena where citizens are able to exercise their freedoms as well as their right to participate in governance. This becomes exceedingly evident when elections are near and the diverse opinions of ordinary citizens are made clear. Probably the most unmistakable illustration of this freedom is the passionate and often antagonistic exchange of opinions during the past two presidential elections.

Colorful Personalities All

The presidential and vice-presidential hopefuls created a colorful arena where the most conservative as well as the most radical were regularly aired. President Obama, the first African- American president, joined the campaign using the single-word slogan, “HOPE.” He won the elections but not before being raked through the coals. During the campaign he was labeled many things including a terrorist. He was also accused of not being an American being less than a desirable president because he had grown up outside of the United States. His victory was due in part to young voters and the use of social media.

John McCain, presidential candidate of the Republican Party, was just as thoroughly attacked during elections. His private life was turned inside out and he was faulted for not offering solid alternatives to what his camp was accusing Obama of. Many voters felt that he, and especially his vice-presidential candidate, Sarah Palin, spent all their time talking against Obama rather than presenting their own programs. McCain conceded defeat in such a beautifully moving speech many commented if he had spoken as well during his campaign he probably would have won.

Sarah Palin, vice-presidential candidate of the Republican Party, was possibly the most colorful personality of the lot. Singlehandedly, she attracted the most attention with her fumbles on TV and her extremely strong opinions. She has become an icon for the rightist Tea Party. While she may never set foot in the White House as president, she is said to have earned millions from her own book deal.

Presidential Debates

The debates before presidential elections have been a long-standing tradition for the United States. Most voters will keep a watchful eye on the debates to see how well candidates respond to issues they consider priorities. Most people in the past elections listened keenly for what candidates have to say about foreign policy, abortion, gay marriage, and terrorism. Those who go through all the debates faithfully usually know beforehand what topics will be taken up in each debate; others wait only for the debates that are relevant for their own concerns.

For people in their 50’s and 60’s, one hot item in the last presidential election was the security of retirement benefits. For many young families the deployment of troops became a major point of interest, while for others the outsourcing of jobs was critical. The debates have become a crucial scale because people believe that the candidates’ responses show the direction a candidate will take once elected.

Future Public Participation

While many are amazed at what seems to be vigorous public participation in political discourse in the United States, the sad fact is this discourse does not translate to an equally vigorous voter turnout.

Statistics show that in 2000 there was a turnout rate of 54.2%, in 2004 this was 60.4%, and in 2008 a total of 62.3% cast their ballots. This upward trend has not been sustained; only 57.5% of eligible voters exercised their right to vote in 2012. From these figures it is evident that not enough people appreciate how important their vote is and how it can help transform the political landscape from rhetoric to actual reform.

What Modern People Think Bush-Cheney Should Follow: Best Political Campaign Tips

There is no one in this world who hasn’t heard about George W. Bush and Dick or Richard Cheney. As highly recognizable, both Bush and Cheney won the White House in the year 2001, and they governed the United States until 2009. Despite of the fact that both politicians received deteriorating issues whereby majority of those question their leadership and have something to do with conspiracy; there are still a lot of Americans who believe that they make a great team.

The fact that this author ignited the interest of some Americans in this political tandem, many are asking, in case they run in the next National Elections, can they still tickle the trust and love of the voters, particularly those people who lost their devotion to them?

What is a Political Campaign?

Political campaign is considered as an organized effort that aims to influence the voters’ decision making process. The political candidates are obliged to plan their campaigns very well to ensure that they’ll captivate the interest, trust, and votes of the majority.

Important Components of Political Campaigns

1. The Political Message

The political message pertains to the message or the ideologies that the election candidates want to impart to the voters, particularly to their supporters. Their political message is among the primary tools of candidates to entice the voters to agree to their ideas, and eventually encourage them to support their advocacies.

The political message is typically comprised of many talking points regarding policy issues. It also embodies the agenda of the election candidates. Until today, many believe that Bush and Cheney are capable of winning the votes of people, as long as they can come up with a properly structured political message, a message that can surely set them apart from the other candidates.

2. Organization

In this modern age, whereby the voters are more aware of the characteristics of what a leader should be, it is important for election candidates to have a structured campaign organization, a group that is well-capable of uplifting the image, the values, and the agenda of the candidates. It is important for the Bush-Cheney tandem to have a strong campaign organization, which can serve as their support system.

3. Campaign Finance

Many would certainly agree that political campaigns won’t be possible without pertinent finance. Thus, election candidates should know the most suitable, LEGAL techniques to raise funds for their campaigns. Bush-Cheney can once again court those who are in the private sectors to help them with their campaigns. Thus, there’s indeed a need for them to lay down a platform that may help them in winning the support of their target donors.

4. Campaign Manager

The title itself is self-explanatory, and it is indeed true that behind successful political campaigns is an efficient and intelligent campaign manager. Bush-Cheney tandem must be able to choose a campaign manager who can effortlessly coordinate the campaigns. Also, Bush and Cheney should choose a campaign manager that can represent them and execute outstanding strategies.

5. Political Consultants

The campaign manager is not the only one that Bush and Cheney should ponder upon. They also have to make sure that they’re able to get the best of the best political consultants. These are the people who are excellent in doing researches, whether opposition research or voter research, and they’re also good in executing field strategy.

6. Activists

The voters are not the only ones that Bush and Cheney should encourage. They need to have solid followers or activists who can do exemplary job on various campaign tasks, for instance, making phone calls or canvassing door-to-door. To entice activists, candidates must make them believe that they’re the right people to follow.

Do’s and Don’ts that Bush and Cheney should Consider

1. They can start their online campaign early

There are several things that can be done today in preparation for their political campaign. They can start utilizing the power of the World Wide Web; put a material about them and then start building the Bush-Cheney online reputation.

2. They should consider having a campaign website

Local election candidates invest in a campaign site because they are aware of the advantages that it can do to their image. Maybe in the past, particularly in 2001, campaign websites are not that rampant. Bush-Cheney tandem should have a striking website that can uplift their reputation and their political campaign.

3. They should not ignore the power of the social media

If Bush and Cheney were able to capture the trust and interest of voters in 2001, the time when online campaign is not yet popular, then these 2 great leaders has higher chances of winning seats in the White House if they use social media today. Take note; 42% of adults who are online use the social media. If Bush and Cheney can entice this 42%, they can assure that they’ll be the top contenders of the competition.

4. They should not forget about the power of ads

Supporters of the Bush-Cheney tandem believe that strong ads are what these 2 political figures need to entice the voters. They should have advertisements that can encourage the people to come to their rallies.

5. They need to prepare for the debate

Majority of politicians believe that preparation for the debate is among the most daunting parts of political campaign. Preparing for a debate is like preparing for a battle; a battle not only for the position, but also a battle of agendas and beliefs.

Today, the famous political team is once again in the limelight, and one of the factors that spark the interest of people in them is Peter Baker’s book about Bush and Cheney, Days of Fire: Bush and Cheney in the White House. As of today, Peter Baker is garnering a lot of positive reviews for his remarkable work in Days of Fire.

The world today is different from it was in the year 2001. America today is different from it was 13 years ago. Many are eager to know, what do Bush and Cheney needs in order to stay on top of the political game.

Top 8 States with the Minimum Wage in the United States

The United States is a centralized statutory nation, wherein the President (the mind or leader of the government and state), Council/Congress, and the courts share powers booked to the national government, and the federal government shares power to the state government. There are major distinctions between the governmental structure of America and that of the majority of other advanced democracies. In the United States employees are normally authorized to be paid not less than the legal minimum wage. From July 2009, the national government assigns a general minimum wage amounting to $7.25 per hour, as some municipalities and states have established minimum wage higher than the national level, with the record state minimum wage amounting to $9.32 per hour since January 1, 2014 in Washington.

States with the Highest Minimum Wage

Washington Washington has the highest minimum wage of $9.19 per hour. Lately, state officers accredited a poll agreeing to Proposition 1, the vote measure to apply a $15 wage in the municipality of SeaTac. The new directive, if permitted, will affect approximately 6,000 hotel and airport workers in SeaTac, Washington.

OregonRegardless of $8.95 as the second highest minimum wage in the state, take-home earnings in Oregon may be insufficient for many state natives.

VermontIn Vermont, the minimum wage is $8.60 and is the third highest in the state. Although a usual Vermont family income was higher than in nearly all states last year, take-home pay does not go so far. The state’s food and fuel prices are as well as highest in the country.

ConnecticutIn May, the Connecticut government has submitted a bill to raise the state’s minimum wage to $9 per hour in 2015. In spite of this, Connecticut was yet one of the most pricey states in the country to live.

IllinoisIn general, it is economical to live in Illinois than other states. It’s minimum wage is $8.25 and is the highest in the Midwest, same as with Connecticut and Nevada.

NevadaEmployees in Nevada must whichever be paid $8.25 per hour, or the federal minimum wage of $ 7.25 per hour if they obtain health benefits.

California$8 per hour is the minimum wage in California and is the same with Massachusetts as the seventh highest in the state. This should adjust, as Caifornia’s government have lately granted plans to raise the state’s minimum wage to $9 per hour next year and $10 by 2016, greater than any other state.

MassachusettsThe minimum wage in Massachusetts which is $8.00 has not changed since 2008. The cost of living is really low.

Conclusions on Pros and Cons of Minimum Wage

Pro: Gives incentive

The minimum wage makes certain that low-skilled workers will be paid an assured minimum and helps them to look for jobs and provide for themselves.

Con: Decelerates job growth

The assured minimum wage can signify an expense that a little company or business may not be able to provide. In that case, small companies or businesses will try to gain more production from current staff instead of paying minimum wage to new workers.

Pro: Presents job protection and safety

In a weak economy, employees with minimum wage jobs help because they manage to be at the lower end of the pay measure. Part-time employees having minimum wage could be granted full-time work to help save an employer the price of training and hiring new employees.

Con: Minimum wage is applied unpredictably

Unpredictable laws of minimum wage throughout the state can keep some employees live below the poverty line as other employees are able to provide for themselves.